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The flag consists of horizontal stripes in yellow, green, and red; the colors symbolize nature (sun and trees) Emergence of the Nation.
The origin of the nation and the development of its culture were strongly influenced by foreign occupation of the country and are the result of the perceived need of the people to preserve something of their own.
Even when the national language was banned and reading or writing of books in the native tongue was forbidden, people were determined to spread their heritage and share their traditions.
The first Lithuanian state was established in 1230 after Duke Mindaugas united the tribes and lands in the area.
In the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, the marriage of Jogaila, the grand duke of Lithuania, to Queen Jadvyga of Poland created the formal confederation Rzeczpospolita; extensive development of the Lithuanian cultural identity took place during that period.Lithuanian often makes use of diminutives to soften the connotation of words or make them more personal. The national symbol is Vytis, the white knight, sitting astride his horse and brandishing a sword; he symbolizes the nation's struggle to defend itself from intruders.The national plant is rue, and the national bird is the stork.Dialects vary by region, and their distinctiveness often depends on the distance from the nearest big city or the proximity to borders, where incorporation of neighboring countries' words is common.The language has survived despite a history of domination by foreign powers and serves as a focal point of cultural identity.
There are more than eight thousand lakes, mostly in the uplands.